“I know plenty of Muslims and they are not terrorists”
“So fear Allah as much as you are able and listen and obey and spend [in the way of Allah ]; it is better for your selves. And whoever is protected from the stinginess of his soul – it is those who will be the successful. (64/16)
Muslims are required to practice Islam as much as to their ability in the land they live, its required. It’s apostasy if they don’t carry out what is obligatory, and if able.
The beginning of that verse gives Muslims the justification to omit some rules if living in an oppressed land (in the shari’ah, an oppressed land means one not ruled by the laws of Allah/shari’ah).
This meaning a western/non-Muslim country.
This is the reason why people see what are named as “moderate Muslims”.
All Muslims have an obligation to strive for Allah’s law/the shari’ah, in all lands.
Added to this jihad is a communal and personal obligation, with conditions.
Which means if a party of Muslims are carrying out jihad, then there is no obligation on the rest.
When people say:
“There are 1.6 billion Muslims, if they were all out to kill you, you would all be dead already.”
This verse is why that argument presented on a daily basis holds little relevance in the workings of Islam.
If a party are not carrying out the prescribed requirement for jihad – which is once a year at least, or more if required – then the obligation falls on all Muslims.
The communal obligation is only for men.
“And it is not for the believers to go forth [to battle] all at once. For there should separate from every division of them a group [remaining] to obtain understanding in the religion and warn their people when they return to them that they might be cautious.” (9/122)
The second part of 64/16 is reminder to those who do not go to jihad, to pay obligatory zakat – which is a Pillar of Islam, as per Qur’an 9/60, there are eight categories of zakat, one is those fighting for Allah (in the cause of Allah) and migration to spread Islam. Zakat payment is an obligation to Allah.
How does Allah feel about the one’s who don’t perform Jihad?
“Not equal are those believers remaining [at home] – other than the disabled – and the mujahideen, [who strive and fight] in the cause of Allah with their wealth and their lives. Allah has preferred the mujahideen through their wealth and their lives over those who remain [behind], by degrees. And to both Allah has promised the best [reward]. But Allah has preferred the mujahideen over those who remain [behind] with a great reward.”(4/95)
In addition to this the personal requirement for jihad is also enacted if an imam rules it.
This means imams are not only religious leaders, they also have political and military role when the need arises, as did Muhammad, the founder of Islam.
It is again apostasy to reject that, all able Muslims are required to respond, young or old, male or female.
This can be called from a mosque loudspeaker by the adhan (announcement) which is used as a call to prayer, but can be used for a fatwa (Islamic ruling) for jihad : as was used for jihad against the British in the Indian mutiny and at the beginning of World War One, as allies with Germany.
The adhan is always called in Arabic.
Western people who do not speak Arabic, would not know Jihad is being announced.
Not all Muslims have to do jihad – unless obligated under the conditions – or even live by the shari’ah in western lands, but all have to strive for Allah’s law which can be the only authority in all lands in Islamic belief.
But not all Muslims take the Qur’an seriously?
The Qu’ran is believed to have been revealed over a period of 23 years. Within Islamic belief, every word in the Qur’an is the perfect, unalterable decree of Allah. All verses are believed to be the divine laws, which all mankind will live by until the day of judgement.
What about Muhammad?
In Islamic belief, Muhammad was the chosen messenger of Allah, sent after a long line of messengers to reveal the final message of Allah and to fulfill the revelations of Allah by explaining and teaching the meaning of the Qur’an.
Anything Muhammad did, said, or made permissible or forbidden, is believed to have been ordained by Allah.
Muhammad had four roles:
1. To recite verses.
2. Purify people.
3. Teach people the understanding of the Qur’an.
4. Teach wisdom.
“Certainly did Allah confer [great] favor upon the believers when He sent among them a Messenger from themselves, reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom, although they had been before in manifest error.” (3/164)
“He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding.”(2/269)
It is also apostasy to deny that the Qur’an and the orders of Muhammad are orders to be carried out until the day of judgement.
No excuses of historical context or misinterpretation can be used. If a Muslim went to the mosque and said that, they would be an apostate.
“The Term ‘Moderate Islam’ Is Ugly And Offensive; There Is No Moderate Islam; Islam Is Islam.” (PM Erdoğan, Turkey)