Thirty years following the peak of violence of the Indian Rebellion, Muslims were at their weakest since the Mughuls invaded India over 500 years prior to this. The rebellion saw thousands of British Christians, Hindus and Muslims slaughtered on all fronts.
Due to the decline of the Mughul Empire and the later dissolution of the East India Company, rule of India was transferred to the British Crown; the British Raj. Secularism had spread throughout the land; although there were still Christian Ministries and Hindu teachings. The consequences of this suggested to Muslims there was a desperate need for reform of Islam in India, if they were ever to get a foothold in the political arena again.
The Jihad of the rebellion would not have been sufficient, a different approach would be essential to challenge British rule on the political plane.
During the decade of 1880, two Islamic movements emerged. One being, Deobandi, which is now one of the most violent presentations of Islam in the world; Deobandi went onto form modern day Jihadis such as the Taliban.
The second, being the Ahmadiyya.
Each one had similar origins, to focus on the less violent teachings, but took very different paths:
- Deobandi, by offering free Islamic Education in the madrassas to gain power to enforce legislation changes.
- Ahmadiyya, (or more commonly known as Ahmadis) by a new perspective of Islamic teachings, Jihad of the pen. This was delivered by the founder of the Ahmadiyya sect, a man named Mirzā Ghulām Ahmad.
Mirzā Ghulām Ahmad was born in 1835 to a Muslim father, Ahmad had always shown an interest in Islam throughout his childhood and younger years, he wrote many poems and articles presenting his perspective of a peaceful Islam.
When Ahmad’s father died, shortly afterwards, in the year of 1875, Ahmed claimed he received a vision in which he was instructed to observe the way of the earlier prophets and to observe prolonged fasting.
It was soon after this time Ahmad claimed he received the first revelation:
“Is not Allah sufficient for His servant?”
This is also the Qur’an verse of 39.36, which was documented, as revealed in the Qur’an to Muhammad, over 1300 years prior to this.
Ahmad went on to write a five-volume book entitled Brahin-i-Ahmadiyya, volume 1 & 2 was released in 1880, other volumes were published up until 1905.
Ahmad claimed he was the promised Mahdi of Islam. There is an Islamic prophecy that the Mahdi is to descend from heaven before the day of judgement.
Ahmad wrote that he was informed within revelations, he was in fact, a prophet and a Messiah. The Islamic prophet Isa, (Jesus) son of Mary, is the Messiah predicted to descend from heaven.
In the year of 1889, a pamphlet was published by Ahmad, who had purportedly received further revelations, the pamphlet contained the 10 conditions for initiation into the Ahmadi community. In less than two months, Ahmad had begun initiating members, the first member went onto become the 1st Caliph within the Ahmadi community.
Ahmad aimed to rejuvenate Islam and convey this message to people, which at first went unchallenged.
Ahmad gained some support for his teachings in India, although the sect was was met with fierce opposition from Muslims, Christians and Hindus.
Muslims claimed Ahmad was a false prophet and was committing blasphemy by declaring he was the next prophet after Muhammad. According to the belief in Islam, Muhammad was the seal of all the Abrahamic prophets, the last. This is clearly stated within doctrinal texts of Islam.
To alter the word of Allah or the meaning of the Qur’an which Muhammad taught, holds the punishment of death by Allah’s divine decree, Ahmad was believed to be doing this.
Ahmad confronted this by stating that he wasn’t a law bearing prophet, but one of a long line of prophets, he hoped this would be accepted and people would believe he was a new prophet, this wasn’t the case for most Muslims.
Ahmad taught his followers the period of fighting for Allah had passed and encouraged them to wage a bloodless, intellectual Jihad by the pen to defend Islam.
Within Islamic belief, Jihad is of 2 types; lesser Jihad and greater Jihad.
- Lesser Jihad is by the sword, to call people to Islam by force, brutal oppression and bloody wars if required.
- Greater Jihad is a spiritual struggle within oneself to avoid temptation and obey the laws of Islam.
This is a Sahih Hadith which explains the honour bestowed upon people who perform Lesser Jihad.
“Not equal are those of the believers who sit except those who are disabled. But Allah has preferred those who strive hard and fight above those who sit (at home) by a huge reward.” (Jami`at-Tirmidhi, Qur’an 4:95)
This is a quote about Jihad from Ahmad:
“The Jihad of this age is to strive in upholding the word of Islam, to refute the objections of the opponents, to propagate the excellences of the Islamic faith, and to proclaim the truth of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, throughout the world. This is Jihad till God Almighty brings about other conditions in the world.”
The Qur’an says:
“Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who were given the Scripture – [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly while they are humbled.” (9.29)
“I have been ordered to fight the people until they say La Ilaha Illallah”, and if they say that, then their blood and wealth will be protected from me, except what it makes obligatory upon them, and their reckoning is up to Allah.” (Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2606)
Ahmad’s second book made the claim, Jesus never died on the cross, but rather escaped and travelled to India where he died, he was then lifted in physical form to heaven and is promised to return.
The revelation in the Qur’an claims, Jesus, also didn’t die on the cross, the difference being, he was lifted in physical form to heaven at that point in time. It is then believed Jesus will descend to earth from heaven, the arrival will mark the onset of events up until the day of Judgement.
In the Qur’an it says:
“And [for] their saying, “Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah .” And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain. Rather, Allah raised him to Himself. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise.” (4.157/8)
The movement Ahmad led is also named Quadayyia, or more the commonly known names of Ahmadiyya and Ahmadi. Ahmad wrote over ninety books, thousands of letters and poems and preached in numerous lectures.
Muslims reject Ahmadis, as Muslims, they definitively state the Ahmadi community have insulted their prophet Muhammad, who was to be the seal of all Abrahamic prophets.
Ahmadis still believe in many laws of Islam, such as disciplining the wife for being disobedient, the marriage dowry, which means a Muslim man is in possession of the wife at the point when money or item is exchanged for the wife, she can no longer refuse sex with the husband once the transaction of sale has been processed. Polygamy, stoning an adulterer to death has been replaced by 100 lashes, which is the punishment in Islam for sex outside marriage, there is still a physical punishment for theft.
Abrogation has been categorically rejected, Qur’an 2.106 decrees that earlier more tolerant and less violent Qu’ran verses maybe replaced by a later verse, the later ones are the verses which make up the laws of Islam.
The Ahmadis still have a caliph to this day, the caliph visits countries and meets with world leaders such as Justin Trudeua, and European leaders with a media presence to promote the Ahmadi representation of Islam, as the real Islam.
Ahmadis face persecution all over the world. They are harassed, denied the right to worship, assaulted, killed, mosques are vandalised and burnt down, with persecution being at its highest within Pakistan.
In 2015 the Ahmadi mosque, Baitul Futuh Mosque in Morden, South London, UK, was set alight. Ten fire engines and up to seventy firefighters were needed to quell the flames which tore through the admin buildings of the mosque. The fire was treated as arson, interestingly it was not treated as “Islamaphobia, ” but as persecution.
In 2016, an Ahmadi man was killed in Scotland, A Sunni Muslim travelled from Birmingham, UK, to Scotland with the sole aim to kill the man in the name of Allah. The man was ruthlessly murdered by being repeatedly stabbed with a knife whilst working in his own shop. The man had previously wished non-Muslims Happy Easter on social media. Acknowledging non-Muslim celebrations is considered shirk, which is an unforgivable sin in Islam.
In comparison to Sunni or Shia, the Ahmadi community are few in number, however are gaining a growing influence within Western lands by publicly displaying opposition for Islam by the sword; Jihad. The Ahmadi communities very often attend memorials where Jihad has occurred and profess that Islam is peaceful, whilst themselves being classed as infidels by Muslims.
The unsuspecting public seeing this, believe Islam is peaceful and that Muslims are being supportive, unaware Jihad is personally and communally obligatory for all able Muslims.
The Ahmadi movement had the aim of reforming Islam, but failed miserably. By the Ahmadi community giving a false representation of Islam, they are unwittingly propagating the ideology of Sunni and Shia Islam, which by divine decree, all Muslims are obligated to bring all mankind under the rule of Allah by the sword, which is seeing 1000’s of innocent non-Muslims killed around the world every year, all in the name of Allah.