“Jihad means to war against non-Muslims, and is etymologically derived from the word mujahada signifying warfare to establish the religion.”
As described in Islamic sacred law, Reliance of the traveller , the scriptural basis for Jihad in the Qur’an and Hadith is:
“Fighting is prescribed for you.” (2.216)
“Slay them wherever you find them.” (4.89)
“Fight the idolaters utterly.” (9.36)
“I have been commanded to fight people until they testify that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, and perform the prayer, and pay zakat. If they say it, they have saved their blood and possessions from me, except for the rights of Islam over them. And their final reckoning is with Allah.” (Sahih Muslim)
“To go forth in the morning or evening to fight in the path of Allah is better than the whole world and everything in it.” (Sunan Ibn Majah/Sahih)
Dawah – The call to Islam
Dawah is a process used in offensive Jihad. Dawah cannot be omitted when talking about Jihad, as it is an intrinsic part of the process of conquest.
Muslims call people to Islam (Dawah), the complete requirement is:
- To offer the chance to take the Shahada and convert to Islam peacefully.
- If this is declined, the offer is extended for the non-Muslims (Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians) to pay the Jizyah (non-Muslim poll tax).
Which the money is used to humiliate, not the benefit of monetary value.
The non-Muslim would live as a second class citizen, unequal to the Muslims; Muslims are ranked higher than non-Muslims in every way, as Allah will not accept nothing less than conversion to Islam and sole worship.
If the Jizyah is refused, Muslims will wage continual Jihad until the non-Muslim submits to the rule of Islam or is killed in the name of Allah, for not doing so.
“Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who were given the Scripture – [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly while they are humbled.”(9.29)
The above verse is the scriptural reference for Dawah in Islamic Sacred Law.
The verse was revealed when Muslims were preparing to fight against the Byzantine empire. Ali, (who went onto to become the Fourth Rightly guided caliph of Sunni Islam and the leader of Shia Islam) was sent with a letter to the leaders of the Byzantine empire, with the offer of Dawah; Abu Bakr was leading the yearly pilgrimage to Mecca at that time.
Islam apologists say the verse is only relevant to those in an Islamic state. The events at the time of the revelation contradict this. Muhammad was conquering new lands, calling to Islam, offering the Jizyah. If this was declined, Muhammad had ordered Ali to wage constant Jihad on the unconquered lands and besiege the people.
Muhammad had enough strength within the Muslim army to enact a takeover. Muhammad called Muslims to Jihad and the Dawah was offered to the people being fought.
All Muslims have a personal and a collective duty for Jihad. The duty is of the Islamic state, but also a personal duty with Allah. Which means, if Jihad is not performed when required, it will be disliked by Allah.
Muslims who perform Jihad are preferred over those who don’t:
“Not equal are those believers remaining [at home] – other than the disabled – and the mujahideen, [who strive and fight] in the cause of Allah with their wealth and their lives. Allah has preferred the mujahideen through their wealth and their lives over those who remain [behind], by degrees. And to both Allah has promised the best [reward]. But Allah has preferred the mujahideen over those who remain [behind] with a great reward.” (4.95)
And for those who are victorious:
“So let those fight in the cause of Allah who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter. And he who fights in the cause of Allah and is killed or achieves victory – We will bestow upon him a great reward. (4.74)
What happens if a Muslim does not want to fulfill the obligation of Jihad?
What the Qur’an says about people who refused to perform Jihad:
“And among them is he who says, “Permit me [to remain at home] and do not put me to trial.” Unquestionably, into trial they have fallen. And indeed, Hell will encompass the disbelievers.” (9.49)
The verse was revealed on the journey to the battle of Tabouk. A number of the Bedouin people wanted to stay behind with their wives; it was very hot, there was a drought and the men either never left to go to Jihad, or turned back. The Bedouins were seen as hypocrites for staying behind with their wives, Muhammad wanted them to march on to conquer new lands.
“Allah has promised the hypocrite men and hypocrite women and the disbelievers the fire of Hell, wherein they will abide eternally. It is sufficient for them. And Allah has cursed them, and for them is an enduring punishment.”(9.68)
The Bedouins were described as hypocrites in the Qur’an, as they were not fulfilling the requirements of Islam.
Muslims are not allowed to shy away from the duty of Jihad when the call for Jihad comes, and the call had come, so therefore, the Bedouins were hypocrites for not going with Muhammad to wage Jihad.
At the battle of Uhud, Muhammad was abandoned, his army thought he had been killed. It emerged Muhammad was lying on the ground with a cut to his head and a chipped tooth. Muhammad was dismayed that the Muslim fighters had left the battlefield when they thought their leader was dead.
It is now in the Shari’ah Muslims cannot:
- Leave the battlefield, (scriptural basis from Qur’an 8.16 and in Islamic Law).
- Decline the call of Jihad when it comes, this is apostasy and also the Muslim would not be able to enter paradise in Islamic belief. (Qur’an, 66.9, 9.41, 9.49).
- Renounce Jihad.
It is questionable when we see millions of Islamic men fleeing the battlefields of Syria, Iraq and North Africa, flooding the borders of Europe, when this is prohibited in the Shari’ah.
Duty for Jihad
Jihad is to be performed, (for the purpose of conquering new lands and upholding Shari’a) once a year, or when the need is required. If the purpose is being fulfilled, then only a group are required to perform Jihad.
If no Muslims perform Jihad, the duty falls on all Muslims, which is then a personal duty for Jihad, for all Muslims.
When are Muslims required to respond to Jihad?
- If a leader of the Islamic state/country, or any Imam issues a Fatwa to perform Jihad, then all Muslims are obligated to respond.
- If a Muslim land is attacked or invaded by non-Muslims, Muslims are personally obligated to protect the land. Muslim are permitted to travel to protect the land. This can be with, or without the Fatwa for Jihad, issued by an Imam or leader.
- The personal obligation is for all Muslims, male or female, young or old.
- The communal obligation is only for male Muslims.
In Islamic Sacred Law, it specifically states that Jihad is a communal obligation for all men. It is not permitted if the Muslim male is in debt to a Muslim, unless the person permits it or the debt is cleared.
The same prohibition does not apply to personal duty.
Other Muslims are permitted (during collective duty for Jihad) to stay at home and support Jihad, one by paying the personal obligation of Zakat, for which there are eight categories, the seventh category is distributed for the cause of Allah, specifically Jihad.
Why are all Muslims not required to perform Jihad, at all times?
The Qur’an says:
“And it is not for the believers to go forth [to battle] all at once. For there should separate from every division of them a group [remaining] to obtain understanding in the religion and warn their people when they return to them that they might be cautious.” (9.122)
Muhammad and army had returned from Tabouk and were preparing to leave for another expedition. The verse decreed all men were no longer required to go to Jihad, they could go out in groups. Muhammad said this was for the purpose of him being able to teach people the Qur’an as it was being revealed, to ensure people would not become weak in Islam and the requirements of Islam would still be followed. Knowledge which had been learned would then be taught to the men when they returned from Jihad. This was said to strengthen Islam.
What about the Muslims left behind?
The justification to perform Jihad without having left the land in which the Muslim lives.
“O you who have believed, fight those adjacent to you of the disbelievers and let them find in you harshness. And know that Allah is with the righteous.” (9.123)
If a Muslim in a western country is asked about Jihad, namely, the atrocities the Islamic state are committing, it will be said the Islamic state are not Islamic.
What do western Muslims say about Jihad?
When western Muslims are challenged with the recordings of Muhammad waging Jihad on the non-Muslims, by orders in the Qur’an and Hadith and Sunnah, Muslims will say:
“Muhammad was at war at the time, because the Muslims were not allowed to practice their faith”
Muslims were initially prevented from practising their faith in Mecca. Muhammad insisted the polytheists only worship the Islamic God, Allah.
Polytheists then placed restrictions on Muslims to deal with this.
When Muhammad and other Muslims moved to Medina they were not prevented practising Islam and the Medinans were accommodating by giving Muhammad land to build the first mosque in Islam; the call to prayer /Adhan was decreed for the first time from this mosque.
The Medinans also supported the Muslims financially until the raids and Jihad started. Muhammad then went onto besiege the surrounding Jewish and Christians settlements until they submitted to Islam, or were killed, sometimes with no chance to convert to Islam.
“Non-Muslims are protected by a treaty”
Within the state of Ahl Al-Dhimma/non-Muslims of an Islamic state. A non-Muslim subject of the state is called a Dhimmi and treated as a second class citizen. See article “Dawah; A Mass Deception” detailing this.
“Jihad means to struggle, Jihad is a spiritual struggle”
There are two types of Jihad, lesser and greater:
- Lesser Jihad – To fight in the way of Allah, to sacrifice your life for the cause of Islam. This is held in the highest regard in Islam and by the decree of Allah.
- Greater Jihad – is a spiritual struggle for all Muslims, to resist temptation of Satan, perform all prescribed deeds and worship Allah, this will not guarantee entry to paradise.
The rewards for Jihad
To gain direct ascension and guaranteed entry to paradise. A Muslim can become a shaheed/martyr, which means to kill (a non-Muslim) and to be killed in the cause of Allah; as soon as the first drop of blood is spilled all sins are forgiven, except for debt.
“I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “The example of a Mujahid in Allah’s Cause– and Allah knows better who really strives in His Cause—-is like a person who fasts and prays continuously. Allah guarantees that He will admit the Mujahid in His Cause into Paradise if he is killed, otherwise He will return him to his home safely with rewards and war booty.” (Sahih Bukhari)
“The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: ‘All the sins of a Shahid (martyr) are forgiven except debt.” (Sahih Muslim)
The Islamic state follow the law of Jihad and subjugate by the law of Ahl Al-Dhimma, by taking Dhimmis, use the law for captives of war to take sex slaves and become martyrs to be held in the highest regard by Allah. They wage constant Jihad on Muslim lands to uphold the shari’ah and increasing Jihad on non-Muslim lands with the aim of subduing, which will see non-Muslims become conditioned to Jihad and eventually accept Islam or submit for the judgement of Allah.
The Islamic state are attempting to establish a world wide Caliphate and the methods laid out in the Qur’an and Sunnah are being used by the Islamic state. By the flood of Islamic people we have seen come from the Middle East and Africa to Western lands and by your Muslim neighbour or colleague who pays the Zakat.
No action is taken by those Muslims, or by the Islam apologists, or governments and media to examine and highlight the root cause. Which are the laws believed by all Muslims to be lived by until the day of judgement, because those are the rules which every Islamic person sees as the best of laws, Allah’s Laws.